export Maritime Freight

Maritime freight is a crucial pillar of the global economy, facilitating international trade and driving economic growth. For Romania, a country located at the crossroads between Europe and Asia, maritime trade plays a particularly important role. This article explores in detail the importance of maritime freight for the Romanian economy, highlighting the country’s main ports, recent trends in the shipping sector, and the challenges and opportunities that arise.

Romania’s Main Ports

Romania is home to several strategic maritime ports, including the Port of Constanta, the largest port on the Black Sea and one of the largest in Europe. In 2020, the Port of Constanta handled approximately 95 million tons of goods, accounting for nearly 70% of Romania’s total maritime traffic. This port plays a crucial role in the country’s international trade, facilitating the export of Romanian products such as grains, metals, and chemicals, and the import of foreign goods such as machinery, equipment, and petroleum products.

Maritime freight
Maritime freight

Recent Trends in the Shipping Sector

Over the past few years, the Romanian shipping sector has experienced significant growth. According to data from the Romanian Naval Authority, total maritime traffic increased by 8% between 2016 and 2020. This growth is attributable to several factors, including the expansion of port capacities, the improvement of transport infrastructure, and the increase in international trade.

However, the sector also faces challenges. One of the most significant is port congestion, which can lead to delays and additional costs for businesses. Moreover, Romania must contend with increasing competition from other Black Sea countries, such as Bulgaria and Turkey, which are investing heavily in their port infrastructure.

Economic Impact of Maritime Freight

Maritime freight has a significant impact on the Romanian economy. According to a World Bank study, the shipping sector directly contributes to about 1.5% of Romania’s GDP and indirectly supports many other sectors, such as agriculture, manufacturing, and logistics.

Furthermore, maritime freight is a significant job creator. According to data from the Romanian Naval Authority, the sector directly employs over 20,000 people and indirectly supports tens of thousands of other jobs in related sectors.

Finally, maritime freight plays a key role in Romania’s international trade. In 2020, approximately 80% of Romania’s exports and imports were transported by sea. This dependence on maritime trade underscores the importance of maintaining and improving port infrastructure and maritime transport services.


In conclusion, maritime freight is a vital driver of the Romanian economy, stimulating economic growth, creating jobs, and facilitating international trade. However, to continue reaping these benefits, Romania must address the challenges facing the sector, including port congestion and increasing competition from other Black Sea countries. By investing in its port infrastructure and improving its maritime transport services, Romania can seize the opportunities offered by maritime trade and strengthen its position as an international trade hub.


1. Romanian Naval Authority. (2021). Annual Report 2020. Retrieved from https://www.anaf.ro/ro/content/rapoarte-anuale
2. The World Bank. (2020). Romania – Maritime Transport Sector Assessment. Retrieved from https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/34464
3. European Commission. (2021). Maritime transport: Romania. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/transport/modes/maritime/romania_en
4. Port of Constanta. (2021). Activity Report 2020. Retrieved fromĀ  https://www.portconstantza.com/en/port-activity/statistics/
5. Statista. (2021). Romania: Leading trading partners for exports 2020. Retrieved from https://www.statista.com/statistics/1103615/romania-leading-trading-partners-for-exports/
6. Statista. (2021). Romania: Leading trading partners for imports 2020. Retrieved from https://www.statista.com/statistics/1103621/romania-leading-trading-partners-for-imports/
7. Trading Economics. (2021). Romania GDP. Retrieved from https://tradingeconomics.com/romania/gdp
8. Trading Economics. (2021). Romania Unemployment Rate. Retrieved from https://tradingeconomics.com/romania/unemployment-rate
9. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). (2021). Review of Maritime Transport 2020. Retrieved from https://unctad.org/system/files/official-document/rmt2020_en.pdf

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